Different experiences of regionalism have produced different explanations about their benefits and costs, driving forces and agents, objectives and strategies. While some might emphasize the positive side that the harmonization of phytosanitary standards could have for consumers in a given region, for example, others might highlight the negative consequences for the diversity of products and local economies. Such different perspectives have informed the making and re-making of regional institutions, mechanisms, forums and agreements and highlight what regionalisms are: contested political projects driven by state and market actors, as well as communities around the world, which are transforming regional units located in particular geographic areas.
International Metalworkers’ Federation
Development of an alternative economic program has been a major priority for the IMF and its affiliates under the 2001-2005 Action Program. The topic has been discussed thoroughly at many IMF meetings at the world, hospital regional and sectoral level with the aim of clarifying and defining exactly what an alternative economic program should look like.